Medico Health Info : Eating Disorder

Eating Disorder Awareness

It is a serious behaviour problem and often fatal unless it is detected early. So, being aware of some of the warning signs of eating disorder is important. Eating disorders can be severe overeating or not consuming food to stay healthy. Usually involving an extreme concern about one’s weight and body shape or obsessions with food. Most common eating disorders include binge-eating disorder, bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa.

Anorexia Nervosa

• Often called anorexia.
• Often eating so little becoming dangerously thin with an unhealthy weight loss.
• Perceiving themselves as fat or overweight when they are otherwise.
• Has the highest mortality rate of any mental disorders.
• Affects more females than males.

However, people with anorexia can get better with early diagnosis and treatment (nutrition therapy, psychotherapy, support groups & medications).

Bulimia Nervosa

• Usually called bulimia.
• They have recurrent and frequent episodes of eating a lot of food in a short time and feeling of lack of control over these episodes.
• Bulimia sufferers usually have a relatively normal or healthy body weight.
• To avoid weight gain from overeating, they use a combination of these behaviours like forced vomiting, use of laxatives or diuretics.
• Excessive vomiting may cause symptoms like increased sensitivity and decaying of teeth result of exposure to stomach acid or severe dehydration.
• Majority of sufferers will improve with one or combination of treatments (nutrition therapy, psychotherapy, support groups or medications).

Binge eating disorder

• Refers to binge eating not associated with throwing up food, starving or exercising too much.
• Sufferers are often overweight or obese.
• Habits of eating large amounts of food when not hungry, eating faster than normal, eating alone because of embarrassment followed by guilt and depression afterwards.
• Mono therapy or combination therapy will help (nutrition therapy, psychotherapy, support groups or medications).